All head injuries have the potential to be life threatening and qualified medical assistance should be sought in all instances where a major head injury is suspected. Types of major head injuries include concussion, cerebral compression and skull fracture. Head injuries are the most common injuries in toddlers.
CONCUSSION (what is it?)
Concussion is when shaking of the brain causes temporary disturbance of normal brain activity, often caused by a blow to the head. How to recognise this is by noticing any of the following:
A build up of pressure on the brain caused by brain tissue swelling or an accumulation of blood. How to recognise this is by noticing any of the following:
Can be either open or closed. Caused by either a direct or indirect blow to the head. Recognition includes:
With a suspected skull fracture DO NOT turn the head in case there is an associated neck or spinal injury.