Generalised Seizures

Generalised Seizures

Generalised seizures may cause the casualty to lose consciousness and suffer massive muscle spasms.


  • Convulsions
  • Shallow breathing
  • Blue or purple colouration to the skin (Cyanosis)
  • Confusion
  • Rigidity
  • Crying out
  • Muscle jerks
  • Lack of consciousness
  • Loss of bladder and/or bowel control


  • Ensure the casualty’s safety by removing dangerous items from within the vicinity where possible
  • Remove any spectacles and loosen clothing around neck
  • Do not restrain the casualty
  • Record the time and duration of the seizure
  • If the seizure continues (timings dependant on local policy), or there are multiple seizures then contact the emergency services (999/112)
  • When the seizure stops clear any excess saliva and check airway and breathing
  • Place the casualty into the recovery position
  • Be conscious of the casualty’s embarrassment
  • Reassure the casualty
  • If it is their first seizure call for an ambulance (999/112)