Burns and Scalds

Burns and Scalds

Every year many infants and children 341239suffer from burn and scald injuries. These are predominantly caused by unforeseen accidents in the home. Examples of this include young children reaching out for a cup filled with hot tea or coffee, touching boiling kettles, pans, touching irons and ovens or even climbing into baths of hot water or turning the hot water tap whilst in the bath.


A Burn or Scald injury can be caused by:


Examples: Sunburn, Ultraviolet lamps and over exposure to X-Rays. A radiation burn occurs when radiation damages cells within the body. The body responds in an attempt to repair itself, resulting in redness around the area.


Examples: Domestic low voltage appliances, lightning, High voltage cables. Electrical burns result from contact with exposed parts of electrical appliances or wiring.



Examples: Freezing temperatures, Frozen foreign objects, Refrigerants. Cold burns are caused when the skin comes into contact with an object that is extremely cold. The coldness of the object is sufficient to cause damage to the skin at the point of contact and may also damage underlying tissues and capillaries. The immediate area is often left blistered.


Examples: Hot surface, fire and friction. Dry heat burns may cause blisters, or charred, black or red skin dependent on the depth of burn (superficial, partial thickness or full thickness)


Examples: Acid and alkalis, domestic cleaning products and industrial chemicals. A chemical burn can be extremely dangerous. Body tissue is damaged usually by direct contact with the chemical or its fumes. Exposure can not only severely damage tissues but also lead to disability and scarring. All chemical burn casualties should be referred to hospital as soon as possible.


The severity of the injury will depend on the classification of the burn; there are three recognised classifications of burns. These are:

SUPERFICIAL BURN: (1st degree burn)

PARTIAL-THICKNESS BURN: (2nd degree burn)

FULL-THICKNESS BURN: (3rd degree burn)




Clingfilm is ideal to cover a burn with as it is sterile, does not stick to the skin, protective and soothing. As it is transparent you can also visually monitor the injury. You must continue to cool the injury with clingfilm applied


Please watch the video below in regards to burns treatment: