Module 9: Other Injuries


A fracture can be closed (No associated wound), open (The fracture has broken the skin) or complicated (The fracture is causing a further injury to vessels or organs for example).


  • Pain, tenderness, bruising and swelling at the site of the injury
  • In the case of an open fracture, associated bleeding
  • Possible loss of mobility
  • Deformity
  • Nausea, pale, cold clammy skin (Shock)


  • Put on gloves
  • Treat bleeding if required
  • Immobilise in the position found (Most comfortable for the casualty)
  • Call for an ambulance (999/112)