Minor injuries are not life threatening conditions, however, if they are left untreated they may lead to infection and other complications. Minor injuries are a common occurrence for both infants and children and are an unfortunate hazard of the growing up process.
Minor cuts may hardly bleed at all. However they can be extremely painful for an infant or child.
The top layer of the skin is rubbed away and the nerve endings are exposed. Capillary bleeding may occur at the site of the graze and blood will ooze from the wound.
A bruise is caused by damaged capillaries bleeding under the skin. A bruise will often be caused by a trauma to the part of the body where the bruise appears, often caused by a blow or fall. It will often be visible, appearing as blue/ purple or purple/black colouration.
Minor Cuts and Grazes
The treatment for bruises follows the pneumonic RICE
R REST the area where the bruise occurs
I Apply ICE (over a covering)
C COMPRESS the area
E ELEVATE if possible
* THIS IS ALSO THE TREATMENT FOR SPRAINS AND STRAINS